Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_HELPER::SetupPaths() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/init.php on line 66

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetCategoryArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 77

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.categories.php on line 41

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 269

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 328

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.blog.php on line 153

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.author.php on line 139

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 999

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 1000

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.template.php on line 117

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.template.php on line 243

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 60

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 60

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 63

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 63

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 68

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 68

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 81

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ViewArticlePanel.php on line 715

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::AuthorLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 503

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 467

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::GetRelativeDate() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 496

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ShortDate() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 264

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::GetCategoryListCVS() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ViewArticlePanel.php on line 75

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 284

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::GetRatingBar() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ViewArticlePanel.php on line 76

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::GetGlossaryTerms() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 618

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 701

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 708

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 708

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 715

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 734

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PopularArticlesPanel1.php on line 96

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PopularArticlesPanel1.php on line 96

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PopularArticlesPanel1.php on line 96

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PopularArticlesPanel1.php on line 96

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PopularArticlesPanel1.php on line 96

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::AuthorLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PopularAuthorsPanel1.php on line 79

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 467
A laboratory study of the effect of calcium hydroxide mixed with iodine or electrophoretically activated copper on bacterial viability in dentinal tubules
Article Options
Categories


Search


Advanced Search



This service is provided on D[e]nt Publishing standard Terms and Conditions. Please read our Privacy Policy. To enquire about a licence to reproduce material from endodonticsjournal.com and/or JofER, click here.
This website is published by D[e]nt Publishing Ltd, Phoenix AZ, US.
D[e]nt Publishing is part of the specialist publishing group Oral Science & Business Media Inc.

Creative Commons License


Recent Articles RSS:
Subscribe to recent articles RSS
or Subscribe to Email.

Blog RSS:
Subscribe to blog RSS
or Subscribe to Email.


Azerbaycan Saytlari

 »  Home  »  Endodontic Articles 6  »  A laboratory study of the effect of calcium hydroxide mixed with iodine or electrophoretically activated copper on bacterial viability in dentinal tubules
A laboratory study of the effect of calcium hydroxide mixed with iodine or electrophoretically activated copper on bacterial viability in dentinal tubules
Results.



The cfu represent a close estimate of viable bacteria penetrating into dentinal tubules at different layer depths. The numbers of cfu obtained from ¢ve consecutive dentinal layers are presented in Table 1 and Fig.1. In the positive control specimens, heavy bacterial infection was observed at the layer close to the lumen. This decreased from layer to layer up to the deepest layer tested (400-500 mm) which contained several 100 cfu. CH without additives significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the amount of viable bacteria in the ¢rst to fourth layers compared to the positive control group, but did not eliminate them completely. Application of low electric current to the group containing CH and copper completely eliminated bacterial survival in the dentinal tubules at least up to 500 mm from the root-canal lumen and in the second to ¢fth layers was statistically (P < 0.001) more effective than the experimental group and control. CH with IKI significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the amount of viable bacteria in all layers compared to the positive control group and was statistically (P < 0.001) more effective than CH without additives in the fourth and ¢fth layers. The negative control group showed no growth of bacteria, which indicate sterilization of the process and prevention of biased results.

Table 1. Logarithmic transformation of the number of colony forming units (cfu +1) at different dentine layer depths.

Logarithmic transformation of the number of colony forming units (cfu +1) at di!erent dentine layer depths
* One-way anova was performedonlog transformationof cfu for eachlayer. Horizontal lines connects data which does not show significant differences (Tukey's method).

Figure 1. Colony forming units (cfu) of bacteria in dentinal tubules facing the root-canal space following treatment with calciumhydroxide with no additives (CH), calciumhydroxide with IKI (CH þ IKI), and calciumhydroxide with electrophoretic activated copper (CH +CU + E). Each column represents the log transformation (cfu +1) obtained from nine dentinal specimens.

Colony forming units (cfu) of bacteria in dentinal tubules facing the root-canal space following treatment with calciumhydroxide with no additives