Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_HELPER::SetupPaths() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/init.php on line 66

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetCategoryArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 77

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Strict Standards: Non-static method AL_CATEGORY::GetSubCatsArray() should not be called statically in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.category.php on line 496

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.categories.php on line 41

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 269

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 328

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.blog.php on line 153

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.author.php on line 139

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 999

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 1000

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.template.php on line 117

Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.template.php on line 243

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Function eregi() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 86

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::PageLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/PageHeader.php on line 95

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 498

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 60

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 60

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 63

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 63

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 68

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 68

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ArticleOptionsPanel.php on line 81

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/RootArticleCategoriesPanel.php on line 77

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ViewArticlePanel.php on line 715

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::AuthorLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 503

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 467

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::GetRelativeDate() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 496

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ShortDate() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 264

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::GetCategoryListCVS() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ViewArticlePanel.php on line 75

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::CategoryLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 284

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 586

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::GetRatingBar() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/templates/Slick/Panels/ViewArticlePanel.php on line 76

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::GetGlossaryTerms() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 618

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 708

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 708

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 708

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_MakeArticleURLSafe() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 435

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::_SwapLetters() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 401

Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/admin/includes/classes/class.helper.php on line 403

Deprecated: Non-static method AL_HELPER::ArticleLink() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/cheaphos/public_html/endo/includes/classes/class.article.php on line 715

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Shaping ability of GT Rotary Files in simulated resin root canals
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 »  Home  »  Endodontic Articles 7  »  Shaping ability of GT Rotary Files in simulated resin root canals
Shaping ability of GT Rotary Files in simulated resin root canals
Introduction.



F.L.G. Calberson, C.A.J.G. Deroose, G.M.G. Hommez, H. Raes and R.J.G. DeMoor
Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontology, Dental School, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.
Department of Biology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.


Introduction.
The objectives of root canal instrumentation are to clean and shape the canal system(Schilder1974).The ideal preparation for the root canal is a funnel shaped form with the smallest diameter at the apex and the widest diameter at the or ice (Schilder 1974). This is not an easy task in teeth with curved canals and in teeth with complex root canal anatomy.
The funnel shaped form can be achieved either by hand or by mechanical preparation. This optimal shape can be easily provided in straight canals, however, in narrow and curved canals aberrations, such as ledging, zipping, danger zones and canal transportation appear because larger instruments tend to straighten the canal (Esposito & Cunningham1995, Glosson et al.1995).
More flexible files made of nickel-titanium have been effective in minimizing complications in narrow and curved canal preparation (Wu&Wesselink1995,Zmener & Banegas 1996, Thompson & Dummer 1997). In this respect, it has been shown that nickel-titanium instruments have several advantages over stainless steel files such as agreater flexibility due to super elasticity, a shape memory effect and a better resistance to torsional fracture (Walia et al.1988).
Rotary nickel-titanium instruments for the mechanical preparation of root canals are available in various designs. At this time, there is little information available on the shaping ability of GT Rotary Files (Kum et al. 2000). The aim of the present study was, therefore, to investigate the shaping ability of the GT Rotary File System (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) during preparation in simulated root canals and to record the aberrations that appeared. In this respect, root canals with 408 and 608 curves were produced. The shaping ability of nickel-titanium instruments in canals with a 608 curve has not yet been investigated.